Whether you are getting birth control for the first time or considering changing your method, you want to know what your options are and which type of contraceptive is best for your health and lifestyle. When you consult Mark P. Schumacher, MD, you can count on learning about all types of birth control, from natural family planning, pills, and IUDs to permanent methods such as tubal ligation. When you need birth control, call the office in Reno, Nevada.
Dr. Schumacher teaches you how to use the number of days in your periods and changes in your basal body temperature and cervical mucus to determine when you ovulate. Since an egg can only be fertilized for 12-24 hour after it is released from the ovary, you either abstain from sex during that time or use a barrier method to prevent pregnancy.
Birth control pills release hormones that safely prevent pregnancy through two primary actions, depending on the hormones in the pills you use.
Some hormones in birth control pills stop ovulation. Other hormones thicken the mucus in your cervix, which stops sperm from traveling into the uterus.
In addition to pills, Dr. Schumacher offers two other forms of hormone-based contraceptives:
The NuvaRing is inserted into your vagina, where it releases hormones for three weeks. You remove the ring for one week, then insert a new ring.
This is an injectable hormone administered once every three months.
Implants and intrauterine devices (IUDs) are known as LARCs because they are inserted once, then stay in place, preventing pregnancy for 3-10 years, depending on which one you use. They are also reversible — Dr. Schumacher can remove them at any time and, once they are gone, you may become pregnant.
IUDs are flexible, T-shaped devices that fit inside your uterus. Three types of IUDs — Mirena®, Skyla®, and Kyleena® — prevent pregnancy by slowly and continuously releasing hormones. Skyla lasts three years, while the other two contain enough hormones to stay in place for up to five years.
Another type of IUD, Paragard®, contains copper, which prevents pregnancy by acting as a spermicide and by inhibiting sperm mobility.
When you are sure you do not want to have children in the future, you may consider tubal ligation. During a tubal ligation, Dr. Schumacher cuts, ties, or blocks your fallopian tubes to stop an egg from meeting sperm permanently.
If you have any questions about birth control, call Mark P. Schumacher, MD.