Considering Permanent Birth Control? All Your Questions Answered

There are many reasons women choose a form of permanent birth control, which is sometimes called sterilization. If you’re considering permanent birth control, you probably have some questions. Because of the intensely personal nature of choosing a birth control method that works best for you, you should carefully discuss your goals with Dr. Schumacher as part of your decision-making process.

How permanent birth control is different from other methods

There are several different types of birth control. Birth control methods include:

Sterilization can be achieved through one of several simple surgical procedures. The most common method is laparoscopic tubal ligation. Once you’ve had the procedure, there’s very little chance you’ll get pregnant.

Types of tubal ligation

Each month, your ovaries release an egg, which travels through your fallopian tubes to your uterus. Tubal ligation, sometimes referred to as “having your tubes tied,” prevents the egg from traveling through the fallopian tube.

Tubal ligation doesn’t actually involve any tying, but there are several ways the procedure can be done. Dr. Schumacher can use bands or clips to close off your fallopian tubes, place small implants in them, or use an electric current to seal them. The fallopian tubes may also be entirely removed.

Risks associated with tubal ligation

Tubal ligation is considered a safe procedure, with very few risks. It is almost always done laparoscopically, which means that Dr. Schumacher makes a very small incision and inserts a tiny camera to perform the procedure. Because the incision is so small, you have a lower risk of infection or other complications.

All surgeries involve some risk, so you should talk to Dr. Schumacher about your personal medical history before the procedure. He’s happy to assess whether you’re a good candidate for tubal ligation, and if not, explain why.

Most of the time tubal ligation is an outpatient procedure, so you’ll likely be able to return home within a few hours. Recovery time is also usually quite short. You’ll be able to bathe 48 hours after the procedure, and can resume most normal activities within a few days, though you may need to wait longer to have sex or do any heavy lifting.

Potential drawbacks of tubal ligation

If you decide you want to get pregnant after having the procedure, you may not be able to, even if it is reversed. It’s a form of permanent birth control.

On the other hand, people have gotten pregnant after having a tubal ligation. It’s about 99% effective, so there’s a very small chance that you could get pregnant. In that case, the risk of complication is higher.

Tubal ligation doesn’t protect you from sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), as some other forms of birth control do. You’ll still need to consider protecting yourself from contracting HIV or other STDs.

Benefits of tubal ligation

Tubal ligation is a low-risk procedure, and if you have it, you won’t have to worry about birth control methods again. For people who are sensitive to hormonal forms of birth control, who are certain they don’t want to become pregnant, and many others, permanent birth control is an excellent option.

If you’re ready to learn if you’re a candidate for tubal ligation, as well as to learn more about the procedure and what you should expect, book an appointment online or by phone with Dr. Schumacher. He’s glad to answer questions and discuss your specific situation in detail.

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